Harmony was founded in 1950 as a gold mining and exploration organisation in South Africa. Today, Harmony is one of the largest gold mining companies across the globe, with mines operating in both South Africa and Papua New Guinea.

The JSE Limited, Berlin Stock Exchange and New York Stock Exchange listed company employs over 32 000 staff across their South African and Papua New Guinea operations.

Harmony was once lease-bound mining operation, but has since expanded into a world-class producer of gold and currently has 1 open-pit operation, numerous surface sources and 9 underground mines in South Africa, as well as a open-pit silver and gold mine in Papua New Guinea.